7 Causes of Gum Swelling

7 Causes of Gum Swelling

When most people think about their dental health, they focus mostly on preventing cavities. However, you should also pay attention to your gums to prevent and treat swollen gums. New York gum swelling is frequently a sign of gum disease. However, a number of other factors might be the root of your gum swelling, which include;

1.   Periodontal disease

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a bacterial infection that affects the gums and the supporting structures of the teeth. It is characterized by inflammation and swelling of the gums and bleeding and receding gums. Periodontal disease is caused by the buildup of plaque and tartar on the teeth and gums and can be prevented through proper oral hygiene and regular dental checkups.

2.   Dental abscess

A dental abscess is a pocket of pus that forms in the gums or the jaw bone due to a bacterial infection. The abscess can cause severe pain, swelling, and redness of the gums. It is usually caused by a tooth infection that has spread to the surrounding tissue. You can treat it with antibiotics and dental procedures such as root canal therapy or tooth extraction.

3.   Trauma

Trauma to the gums can be caused by various factors, such as chewing on hard foods, biting your cheek, and using a toothbrush with too much force. Trauma can cause the gums to become swollen and tender and may lead to bleeding.

4.   Hormonal changes

Hormonal changes can cause the gums to become swollen and sensitive during pregnancy, menopause, and adolescence. Hormonal fluctuations can cause an increase in blood flow to the gums, leading to inflammation and swelling.

5.   Medications

If you have just started taking a new prescription, that is another thing to consider. Some medications, such as blood pressure medications, can cause the gums to become swollen. The side effects of these medications can be temporary and can be treated with proper oral hygiene and regular dental checkups. Consult your doctor as soon as possible to learn about other options. It is important to minimize your medicine usage if no alternatives are available.

6.   Nutritional deficiencies

Nutritional deficiencies, such as a lack of vitamin C, can cause the gums to become swollen and bleed easily. A healthy diet rich in vitamins and minerals is important for maintaining healthy gums.

7.   New mouthwash or toothpaste

Changing oral hygiene products is the final common factor that causes gum swelling. Your mouth has adapted to a product’s components if you have been using it for a time. However, if you just started using a new toothpaste or mouthwash, its components can irritate you. Sometimes all your mouth needs to do is adjust. But you should stop using the toothpaste mouthwash if your discomfort persists for a week or more.

Swelling gums can result from various causes such as periodontal disease, dental abscess, trauma, hormonal changes, medications, and nutritional deficiencies. If you notice any signs of swollen gums, such as redness, bleeding, or pain, it is important to seek treatment as soon as possible to prevent further complications.

Call Compassionate Endodontists New York/NYC to book your appointment for treatment of your swelling gums.